This document is a technical guide for best practices in planning, installing, operating, and maintaining photovoltaic irrigation systems (PVIS). It includes all the specifications, controls and protocols that must be followed to produce reliable PVIS. Download
The document includes information about photovoltaic irrigation systems (PVIS), particularly their main characteristics, ways to evaluate them, and examples of already installed PVIS. It also includes a description of how to use the Self-Assessment Tool to do a preliminary planning of a PVIS, as well as information on how to perform a more detailed simulation of a PVIS using a freely available software called SISIFO. The document ends with a description of the business model proposed in the project. Download
This document aims to train SMEs professionals regarding PVIS technology, business models and SolAqua financial instrument. It will be used during the training sessions organized by SolaQua project oriented to those professionals. Download
This Manual for Irrigators includes information about Solar Irrigation systems in a user-friendly manner.
The document describes the different types of photovoltaic irrigation systems (PVIS), as well as a way to select between them. It also presents the main characteristics of the financial model proposed by the project.
Finally, SolaQua joint promotion is presented, as well as information about how to know more about PVIS and SolaQua project. Download
This document includes four versions of a Standardized Power Purchase Agreements for Photovoltaic Irrigation – a version for the Spanish market (in English and Spanish) and one version for the Portuguese and the Italian market adapted to the national legal framework and translated to the corresponding language. Download
The FI here described is based and complements the rest of the Key Enabling Materials and Tools (KEMT) developed under SolaQua Project, including the technical specifications for PVI and the power purchase agreement (PPA) contracts. These KEMT, alongside the diffusion activities to the different stakeholders, are designed to facilitate the production of photovoltaic irrigation systems within the next few years.
These systems and the design here exposed will allow for the existence of a flagship issuance of the FI which will serve as a reference for investors and regulators and to achieve sustainable reductions in the cost of photovoltaic irrigation systems. Download
This document is based on the know-how and experience of the partners of SolAqua in designing, building and operating SI systems and in the application to the case of PVIS of the mainstream methodologies applied in economic and financial appraisal. The resulting methodology can be used to assess the expected return of PVIS projects including the calculation of the most relevant indicators including NPV, IRR, WACC and LCOE. Furthermore, the TEA will be complemented with a cost-benefit analysis (CBA) methodology to facilitate the assessment of the impacts of PVI projects in welfare, allowing a complete appraisal of the projects for the different stakeholders. Download
Life cycle assessment (LCA) is a powerful tool that may be used to analyse the potential environmental impacts related to agricultural sector. Specifically, LCA is based on an iterative approach that is well suited to the multi-functionality of the agricultural activity. The management of a cropping system should ensure food and energy security and protect natural resources. However, the food and energy requirement due to the continuous growing of world population might lead to an overexploitation of natural resources and adoption of intensive crop production practices. An increase in renewable energy use and the application of principles and technologies of conservation and precision agriculture might help to achieve a sustainable intensification of crop production.
In order to face this challenge and specifically foster water and energy saving, the SolAqua project proposes to combine the solar energy for irrigation water pumping and high-efficiency water management techniques. On the other hand, installing a solar irrigation (SI) has environmental impacts which should be evaluated. The report highlights that LCA is a tool suitable for assessing the environmental burden of an SI system and useful to support both individual agricultural activity and the planning of a possible large-scale introduction of SI systems, thus adapting to the needs of the different ISINPA. For this purpose, the document describes in detail the different LCA phases (i.e., Goal and scope definition, Inventory analysis, Impact assessment, and Interpretation) by focusing on how adapting the LCA tool to the specificities of a cropping systems and an agricultural process (e.g., solar irrigation). These aspects are essential to achieve reliable results such as to draw sound conclusions, and thus to make useful recommendations. A glossary synthetically shows the meaning of the terms most frequently used in the LCA method. Finally, a case study describes an application of the LCA method to a horticultural cropping system. Download